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History of Kintai Bridge

Kintai Bridge

  • By the birth of Kintai Bridge, many coincidences overlap like fate.
    The Yoshikawa family decided to defend Iwakuni by the battle of Sekigahara.
    From the feeling of tension after the war, it became a form to place emphasis on defense, build Iwakuni Castle,
    Nishikigawa was necessary to have a bridge because Nishikigawa was built as a natural outer moat, Castle Town centered on both the banks.
    The bridge which was completed by continuing the research was also shed
    I kept the prowess while repeating the change over and over.

    Cherry blossoms in spring
    Chicken breeding and fireworks in the summer
    Autumn leaves of Shiroyama in autumn
    Snowy landscape in winter

    You can enjoy the colorful scenery like the four seasons.

History of Kintai Bridge

The mystery of Kintai Bridge formation

  • Nishikigawa of river flowing bisects the lower Iwakuni Castle
    The wooden architectural beauty "Kintai-kyo Bridge" crossing there is a five-piece arch structure, it is Japan's largest cultural heritage as a wooden bridge.
    Kintai Bridge was originally a "castle gate bridge", a bridge over the major gate of the castle, but the castle was already demolished when it was cross-linked.

    For the establishment of the Kintai Bridge, the mystery of the formation of a bridge in the historical background leading to the wish of the lords and clan folk who wish to "build a bridge that does not flow" and the Iwakuni clan is secret It is done.

The way to Kintai Bridge building

  • During the Warring States Period, Hiroyoshi Yoshikawa looking up to Mori as a religious man struggled to establish a war between Mokoro and the Tokugawa bilateries while assembling in the war of Sekigahara in the 5th year of Keicho (1600), strictly observing neutrality in battle It contributed to the defeat of the West Army.
    However, that action will eventually prevent the Tokugawa shogunate from using the Mori family.
    The Mori family was cut down to two prolonged nationalities, and the Yoshikawa family was transferred from Temida Izumo County to 30,000 stones in the prefecture (then 60,000 stones), and the foundation of the modern Iwakuni clan was built.

Kintai Bridge is the "castle" of the clan

  • Yoshikawa Hirokaze, the lord of the three generations, crossed the arch bridge "Kintai Bridge" of five wooden bridges instead of the flat pillar bridge until then 58 years after Iwakuni Castle destroyed .
    Rather than calling it a castle gate bridge, it is exactly a substitute for a castle for the Iwakuni clan.The upper part of the bridge took advantage of the wooden wooden structure, the lower part removed the bridge piers of the arch part, and arranged the stone pillar bridge piers that tolerate floods incorporating the building technology.Indeed, it can be said that Kintai-kyo Bridge is a suitable structure to call the "castle" of the clan.

    Photo: A hint of the Kinzaki Bridge cross-linking "West Lake Pleasure Journey"

The hot feelings of the small clan hidden by Kintai Bridge

  • Hiroyoshi Yoshikawa, who became the lord of the first Iwakuni Iwakuni Castle on the right bank of the Keicho 13th year (1608) Nishikigawa, but due to the "First National Ceremony Ordinance" issued by the shogunate in 1615 It will be destroyed.
    In other words, it was revealed that the survival of the Kagetsuya of the shogunate was not simply the survival of the Mori family but the Yoshikawa family and the Mouri family as one clan.
    Hiroshi respected the family and destroyed his own castle.
    Since 268 years in Tokugawa, the Iwakuni clan grieved the sorrow as Mori 's "clan", and it was since the first Meiji era (1868) that the Daimyo (various plans) got it.

History of Kintai Bridge

Knowledge of Kintai Bridge

■The transition of the name of Kintai Bridge

  • Since the bridge was completed, Kintai Bridge was called with various names such as "Goryong Bridge", "Castle Bridge" and "Ryuun Bridge".Since the Honaga years (since 1704), it became known as "Kintai Bridge" as a literary expression.

■Japanese landscape I want to retain in the 21st century

  • Kimikitenbashi continue to be loved by local Yamaguchi prefecture as well as from all over Japan.In "the landscape of Japan that I want to leave in the 21st century" broadcasted on NHK, I shone to the top ranking in the Chugoku district and I appealed its presence again.

■Do you know? Rainbow bridge

  • The bridge and the Japanese (Atsushi Ueda / Iwanami Shoten) have the following description."In the capital of the northern Song of China, there was a bridge called Hongqiao.According to "Tokyo Yumenakaden" which is the prosperous book of the city of the 12th century, the bridge at the outside Shichiri of the eastern flood gate is called a rainbow bridge.There are no bridge piers on this bridge, all the bridges arched by using huge timber and decorated with vermillion paint seems to have just rainbow over the sky.Regarding this Hongqiao bridge, there is a picture called "Chiaki Uekyu picture" of a person named Zhang Yue-cho, this rainbow bridge and its pattern of bustle are detailedly drawn."
    The reproduction program of this Hongqiao bridge was aired on television.It means that a bridge with the same structure as the wooden arch of the Kintai Bridge was in the old China.I feel the magical relationship between Japan and China.

■From loss from reconstruction

  • In Kizza typhoon of 1950 (1950), the name bridge which endured the wind and snow for 276 years and also had a story called "National treasure" was swallowed by the muddy flow while many citizens watched.
    Although losing the Kintai-kyo Bridge was a great sorrow for the citizens, at the Iwakuni Council of the day, "Resolution on the rebuilding of the Kintama Bridge restoration" was held, and the reconstruction campaign with the whole city deployed.
    A groundbreaking ceremony was held for reconstruction in 1951, the ceremonial ceremony was held in January 1953 (1953), the completion ceremony was held in May, spending about two years from the loss , Kinzaki Bridge, which was also a symbol of Iwakuni and pride, was revived under the persistent movement of citizens, enthusiasm.
    Features of rebuilt Kintai-kyo Bridge

■Features of rebuilt Kintai-kyo Bridge

  • The abutting abutment was a stone made applying the casting technique, but on the abutment after the reconstruction,
    In order to secure strength, we adopted the "circular well construction method" on the abutment foundation, and we tried integrating concrete in the center.
    Also, the girders receiving the load of the bridge girder was a stone called a septum, but cast iron after the rebuilding is called cast iron is used.

■Takumi's technique

  • Looking up from the river to the structural part (back side) of the Kintai Bridge main body, you can see the "technique of wooden framework" using winding money and kussels, and you can see the state of the sturdy tree.The strength increases with the pressure from the bridge, and it becomes a more robust structure.
    For the Iwakuni clan, which was destroyed by the castle and the symbol of the clan by the shogunate's "Nichigoichiro system," the Kintai-kyo bridge was a symbol of "castle tower" that is just a "horizontal tower and horizontal tower".
    The view from the river in Nishikigawa is a must-see spot.